Friday, June 28, 2013

Water Purification Article

dirty water photo: Dirty Water j0437215-1.jpg


This article will outline 5 ways to purify water and make it safe for drinking. This is an essential skill to have for anyone even remotely interested in survival, be it out in the wilderness or in some post-disaster world. Drinking contaminated water can make you sick and even kill you, so it’s important to have this handled.

Purifying water will eliminate most if not all pathogens (viruses and bacteria), with varying effectiveness of eliminating pollutants, depending on the method.

Let’s look at some of the ways water can purified for drinking.

BOILING FOR 3-5 MINUTES

The most widely used method of water purification is boiling. Heat the water to a rolling boil for 3-5 minutes, then let cool. Boiling is cheap, easy, and will kill most pathogens.

While boiling has its advantages, there are also many downsides. Some of them are:
  • It requires a heat source, whether fire electric stove
  • You will lose some of your water through steam
  • It requires time for the water to cool
  • Is impractical for large quantities of water
  • It may not eliminate pollutants from water

IODINE

A chemical purification method. Use regular 2% iodine solution. Add 3 drops to each quart of clear water you want to purify. Add 6 drops for each quart of cloudy water. Stir and let it sit for half an hour before attempting to drink.

Iodine treated water should not be ingested by pregnant women.

CHRLORINE

Another chemical purification method. Chlorine is a poisonous chemical, so be very cautious when handling and applying amounts. Use regular 5% household chlorine bleach, with no added cleaners or scents.

Add 8 drops to each gallon of water you want to purify. Stir, and let sit for half an hour before attempting to drink. The water should clear, with contaminants collecting on the bottom. The water will have a slight chemical smell.

DISTILLATION

A very effective means of purifying water. It will eliminate all pathogens, pollutants and salts, making it useful for purifying even salt water.

The process involves evaporating a source or water in one container and collecting it in another. This separates water molecules and leaves you with pure, distilled water.

Check out this article to learn how to distill water at home.

ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION

Ultraviolet radiation will kill or sterilize most pathogens. UV lamps are available that will do this very effectively.

UV radiation does little to eliminate other pollutants, so it should be part of a multi-step purification process if this type of contamination is a fear.



Always run your water through at least two filtering and purifying steps, to maximize your chances of catching the bad stuff and ensuring your water is safe to drink.

Good luck and stay prepared!

For some extra reading, be sure to check out DIY water softener.

Cheers,

Rambo Moe

4 comments:

  1. Drinking Water Filtration
    Nice article, Its really a very informative posting indeed.Resources like the one you mentioned here will be very useful to me!

    ReplyDelete
  2. Instant boiling and chilled water dispenser is Australias premier manufacturer of filtered boiling and chilled water units for use in private and commercial applications. Manufactured in Victoria and represented nationally.

    ReplyDelete
  3. Pure water is a scare resource. There are various process by which we can get rid of contaminants which are present in tap water in order to have pure drinking water. There are various companies which help in water purification such as Megahome distillers. So, it's your choice which you prefer, but what you need is pure drinking water.

    ReplyDelete
  4. Nowadays, we are getting polluted water for drinking that is main cause of several diseases. So, it is necessary to make it pure with the help of above mentioned water purification process. I am using home water distiller to make water pure for drinking.

    ReplyDelete

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