BurnsIf someone has gotten a burn, you should immediately remove any clothing from the affected area because some materials will melt into the burn. If clothing has already melted into the skin cut the loose clothing from around the burn to prevent further melting or pulling. Once the clothing is removed, you should soak the area in room temperature water. Some people think it should be cold water, but this can damage the tissue. If blisters appear, do not attempt to pop them.
Breaks and SprainsIf you suspect someone has broken a bone or sprained an ankle or wrist, you should immediately get that person off their feet. You will want to apply ice, if you believe it is a sprain. Removing restrictive clothing will cause the area to swell. If swelling is hampered, it might cause further tissue damage around the tendons and muscles.
Cuts, Scrapes and BleedingIf someone has a serious injury with bleeding involved, you should take immediate action while waiting for help. You will need to clean the wound out with cool water and scrub it as best you can with soap to get any debris or dirt out of the wound. You can apply hydrogen peroxide or any other antibacterial cream you have on hand. Depending on the size and location of the wound, you will need to slow or stop the bleeding. You might be able to do that by bandaging the wound or by applying pressure to it.
Animal Bites and StingsIf you or someone else has been bitten or stung by an animal, you should immediately clean out the wound with soap, warm water and antibacterial soap. If it was an animal bite, try to contain the animal if possible. You do not want to take the chance of anyone else getting bit, so use extreme caution. If it was an insect sting, you can give the person an allergy medication like Benadryl to slow an allergic reaction.
When an injury happens, everything becomes chaotic while waiting for help. You can keep a cool head and use these tips to bring the person some relief and possible avoid further injuries.
Savannah Coulsen is a freelance writer. She lives in Raleigh. Savannah loves to read and write and she hopes to write a novel someday. Savannah also loves learning and is a self-proclaimed health guru.