Tuesday, April 25, 2017

Personal Survival: 4 Steps to Create and Maintain an Emergency Kit

When there's a natural disaster or a situation where your personal survival is in danger, you need to have the minimal tools on hand to make it through at least a few days until help arrives or the situation is over. After you gather the items that you need for the kit, you can put them in a small plastic box that has a lid so that they are securely in one place. You can get the items that are needed for the kit at most retail stores and even at discount stores so that you don't spend a lot of money.

Hydration

The first thing that you want to have in your kit or in the area where you're going to take shelter is water. It's ideal to have at least one gallon a day for each person to last for three days. This would mean that you would need three gallons for each person who is planning on using the kit or who is going to stay in the shelter.

Clothing and Blankets

You want to have at least two or three additional clothing items aside from what you wear when the disaster strikes. The clothing should be comfortable and easy to get on and off. You also want to have a jacket or coat depending on the weather and even a pair of sturdy work boots in case you have to walk across areas that have limbs on the ground or that are covered in water. Companies like Bargain Center often have boots and other clothing supplies in all sizes as well as blankets so that you can stay warm.

Supplying Nutrients

When packing your kit, include enough food so that each person has at least 2,000 calories available each day. You might not eat that much, but it would be available in case someone needs more energy or you need to stay in the shelter for a longer time. Foods that don't need to be heated are suggested along with protein bars and trail mix. Include baby formula that can be mixed with water as well.

Hygiene

You might not be able to take a shower for a few days, so you need to have supplies that can keep you clean. Dry shampoo, baby wipes and toilet paper can be packed as these will give you at least some way to keep dirt off the body. A toothbrush and toothpaste also needs to be packed along with diapers for babies or even toddlers.

When you pack a survival kit, think about the bare necessities instead of the luxury items. Try not to over-pack your kit as this will make it hard to move to your shelter. Update your kit as needed, especially if there are more people who plan to join you during the event.


About the Author: Lizzie Weakley is a freelance writer from Columbus, Ohio. She went to college at The Ohio State University where she studied communications. In her free time, she enjoys the outdoors and long walks in the park with her 3-year-old husky Snowball. Twitter: @LizzieWeakley Facebook: facebook.com/lizzie.weakley

Thursday, April 20, 2017

Spring Preparation for a Pest-Free Bunker

Securing your underground bunker from unwanted nighttime visitors and pests is a step many preppers overlook. Unwelcome strangers and people attempting to steal supplies may not be a large concern depending on how far off the grid you've placed your bunker. However, there is nowhere that a determined pest seeking food and shelter won't go, and unfortunately no single way to deter them. The key is to identify weak points and take proper precautions to ward off pests from the get-go.

Identify, Prevent, Deter

There are a few types of wildlife pests that can be a serious issue for owners of underground bunkers. Every bunker needs proper ventilation and generally, houses significant amounts of food storage and water. Sure, your bunker ventilation can be concealed from passerby, but camouflage isn't going to fool those pests with twitchy noses and empty stomachs. Spring is prime seasons for squirrels, raccoons, mice, skunks and bugs.

To prevent any unwanted pests around your bunker, keep all garbage and organic debris separate from the location. Once living in your bunker, burying your garbage isn't going to cut it. You can bury it but do so far away from where you're located.

The location of your bunker will play a role in the types of pests you may encounter. If the ground cover around your bunker is ideal for grubs or beetle larvae, then treat the area to prevent pests (like skunks and raccoons) that feed on these insects.

If you are near any type of farming or harvested crops, you might have mice. With this year's high yield of crops there is likely to be an increase in mouse numbers which means all bunkers near areas of harvest should be wary of mice infestation on their food and grain storage.

The best way to deal with these pests is to proactively prepare your home and yard in advance of the spring. Consider installing tamper-resistant covers on your ventilation openings and look into an air-filtration system to safeguard you against unwanted pests entering through your ventilation. As a bonus, it will also work against environmental toxins that may become a threat. An NBA filter is a great addition for any bunker.

Maintenance is Key

Once you've identified the types of pests you're up against, you can defend your weak points and make a plan to maintain these changes so pests never become an issue. Critters of all shapes and sizes can cause issues for bunker owners.

Don't allow any of these animals a point of access into your bunker if you want to prevent contaminating your food and water supplies. If infestation gets to a point where you can't fend off the intrusion, make the call to hire a trusted pest control service to eliminate the problem now and prevent it from becoming an issue again in the future.

With surveillance, proper storage of food and supplies, along with adequate tamper-resistant covers and shields for the various entrances to your bunker, you can prevent any pests from giving you a yearly headache or suffer the loss of any vital supplies. Plan, prepare and maintain, that's the only way to keep those little buggers out.




About the Author: Casea Peterson is a freelance copywriter and content marketing specialist for businesses in the outdoor industry. She has been writing personally and professionally since 2009, but when she doesn't have her pen in hand she can be found somewhere in the woods hiking, hunting, or exploring the Pacific Northwest.

Thursday, April 13, 2017

Different Types of Bows And Their Benefits

Bows are essential tools in hunting and games. They exist in different forms and shapes. Over the years, bows have evolved and are now made of components like carbon fiber and fiberglass with improved shooting mechanisms. There are different types of bows namely; compound bows, recurve bows, crossbows and traditional bows with their distinct benefits.

Compound bows

A compound bow is a modern form of a long bow. It is easy to use, highly versatile, adjustable, more compact, longer life and extremely powerful and thus preferred by many people. A pulley system is used to draw back the arms which are stiff when drawn by brute force. This bow is considered better than the other bows for its draw weight that is less than half of the original weight. They are made of aluminum alloy that does not distort or warp in the case of temperature, humidity, and moisture. Its developed stabilizers cause less vibration in the release of an arrow. These bows are mostly used in 3D archery, bow hunting and some in target archery.

Recurve bows

These are the only bows allowed by the Olympics and historically they are known to be used by the horsemen. Recurve bow is known for its standard draw weight, low maintenance and highly versatile. Its lower and upper tips curve away from the archer allowing it to store more elastic energy. Less power is needed to use the bow thus a tactical advantage to the user. Recurve bows with a bare bow recurve made of a string, bow limbs, a riser and an arrow rest are mostly used to train the beginners. Some archers also use them in 3D archery and field archery. One can also use them in bow hunting with higher poundage bows.

Crossbows

Modern crossbows resemble firearms with a short bow attached horizontally to the muzzle. For the archer to fire, the string is attached to the trigger mechanism and locked in place. Crossbows have the best bow sights and their shooting range is longer than all the other types of bows. This is a modified bow and arrow mostly use in 3D archery, target field and sometimes in bow hunting.

Traditional bows

A traditional bow is also known as long bow or self-bow. It is the oldest form of a bow with a long piece of wood that is either straight or curved having a bowstring fixed on each end. These bows are easy to make since their materials are locally available. They are easy to maintain, easy to carry and easy to use. It requires a very clear environment to fire a target. When used in bow hunting, it is usually at higher draw weights.

Conclusion

There is a total of four types of bows; compound bows, crossbows, traditional bows and recurve bows. They are useful in hunting, shooting the target, shooting on a course, and competitive shooting. The purpose of the course determines the type of the bow to use. For instance, a recurve bow is instrumental in field archery such as Olympic Games, compound bows in target archery and crossbow in 3D archery with their best bow sights and traditional bows in bow hunting.


Joseph Gleason is the founder of Captain Hunter. CaptainHunter.com is a site dedicated to the sport of hunting. We have a deep respect for nature and for the environment, and we therefore take the sport of hunting very seriously. Never think that you are alone in the woods again. Our goal is to share what we know with who needs it most.

Tuesday, April 11, 2017

4 Careers That Teach Individuals Basic Self-Defense and Endurance

If you are looking a new, exciting, and rewarding career then you might want to focus you energy on enter a field that requires self-defense and endurance. Modern society is in constant need of professional and trained men and women that can bring safety and security to local communities around the country. As you think about this, consider the following four careers that teach individuals basic self-defense and endurance.

Law Enforcement Officer

To keep our communities safe, it is important to have law enforcement officers who are self-confident, physically fit, and able to combat the evil forces that lurk among us. A police officer is supposed to be defender of all that is right within society, but unfortunately, that doesn’t always happen. But nonetheless, proper training still keeps good cops safe. It is important to have self-defense and endurance skills in order to stay safe on the job as well.

Correctional Officer

A correctional officer is tasked with helping protect society from criminals that have already been found guilty. It can be a dangerous environment at times, so prison guards certainly need to be able to defend themselves. It is also important to have the endurance necessary to see the job through to the end of the day.

Security Guard

With more and more businesses need round the clock security, guards play an important role. Not only to keep the premises and the surrounding area safe, they function as a hedge of protection for the individuals that visit the building during working hours. Some companies, like Trident Security, know that because of this, security guards need to be trained in self-defense in order to keep themselves safe in a variety of situation. They also need to be fit because of the demands of the job on a daily basis.

Muay Thai Instructor

Muay Thai is a traditional martial art that is growing popularity throughout the West. Muay Thai instructors must know how to defend themselves, because this is exactly what they will be teaching their students. In addition, the career itself is highly rewarding. Where else can you get paid to stay fit? This sports requires a great deal of endurance. If you have what it takes, you will have a great career opportunity at hand. These are just four of the many rewarding careers that one can enter and learn self-defense and endurance skills at the same time. These sure beat sitting at a desk all day, and all of them put you out there with members of society. This is also a great way to stay in shape and remain healthy as well.


About the Author: Rachelle Wilber is a freelance writer living in the San Diego, California area. She graduated from San Diego State University with her Bachelor's Degree in Journalism and Media Studies. She tries to find an interest in all topics and themes, which prompts her writing. When she isn't on her porch writing in the sun, you can find her shopping, at the beach, or at the gym. Follow her on Twitter and Facebook: @RachelleWilber

Friday, April 07, 2017

How to Prep Your Emergency Bunker for Any Type of Disaster

A well-stocked and maintained emergency bunker gives you peace of mind. If a natural or man-made disaster were to occur, you could evacuate to the bunker and protect yourself and your family. Keep these four steps in mind in order to prepare your emergency bunker for any type of situation.

Rotating Stockpiled Items

Some stockpiled items have expiration dates. It is important to go through the supplies in your bunker about every three months and rotate those items. As things such as canned food, medications and batteries near their expiration date, put them into the rotation of things that you use on a routine basis. For example, if the jars of peanut butter and packs of batteries are close to the use-by date, bring them inside and use them up. This will reduce what you spend on household groceries and supplies, and you can use those savings to replace the emergency supplies.

Installing New Locks

Your emergency bunker is one of the most valuable parts of your home and property. Installing new locks helps to protect your investment of money and time in preparing the bunker. Some companies, like A Carolina Locksmith, know that a strong, durable lock also protects your family in case you need to use the bunker. Be sure to have vandal-proof and weatherproof locks installed that can be used on the inside and outside of the bunker.

Checking the Condition of Equipment

Every three months, check on the condition of the equipment in your emergency bunker. Look for signs of rust on metal tools. Apply lubricant to locks and motors. Check for signs of pest infestation or water intrusion into the bunker.

Adding Supplies and Equipment As Your Budget Allows

If you want to be prepared for any type of disaster, you will need a wide range of equipment. Prioritize the types of disasters that are most likely in your geographic area. You may wish to invest in respirators for a chemical or biological emergency or a bow and arrows set if you may have to live off the land. Continue adding supplies and equipment as you can afford to. Maintaining a well-stocked emergency bunker takes time and resources, but the peace of mind is worth the investment. Prioritize the most likely disasters for your area and focus your prepping efforts on those issues. Once you are prepared for the most likely emergencies, then you can expand your prepping activities to include other types of emergencies that could develop.


About the Author: Rachelle Wilber is a freelance writer living in the San Diego, California area. She graduated from San Diego State University with her Bachelor's Degree in Journalism and Media Studies. She tries to find an interest in all topics and themes, which prompts her writing. When she isn't on her porch writing in the sun, you can find her shopping, at the beach, or at the gym. Follow her on Twitter and Facebook: @RachelleWilber

Wednesday, April 05, 2017

How To Define A Safe Distance At Nuclear Explosion

Atomic blast is one of the main adverse factors. Depending on in what environment atomic blast appears and spreads, whether it is air, water or soil, it is called wind blast, air blast and seismic explosion wave accordingly.

A wind blast is an area of an air abrupt contraction spreading around and above from the center of the explosion with hypersonic speed. Having a high level of energy, an atomic blast is capable of defeating people, destroying buildings, equipment, military hardware and other objects at significant distances from the place of explosion.

Nature of pressure changing in the space point when an air blast goes through. As soon as an atomic blast reaches a certain space point, pressure and temperature become higher shortly, air begins to spread in an atomic blast direction. With time passing by, the pressure becomes lower and becomes equal to atmospheric. Further pressure decreasing causes exhaustion. At the time, air begins moving in the direction of the explosion. Usually, the action time of an atomic blast in phase of exhaustion is not taken into consideration as long as its importance is rather secondary.

Apart from the specified parameters, an atomic blast is characterized with front propagation velocity, air speed in pressure shock front, temperature of air in pressure shock front, ram air pressure in pressure shock front.

At surface burst, an atomic blast is shaped as hemisphere with center in the spot of explosion of nuclear weapon.

At air blast, reaching out the surface of earth, bounced back off it. the shape of the front is similar to hemisphere with the center in the spot, which is a mirror reflection of the explosion spot related to the surface of earth. Damage is caused by direct and indirect effect of air blast. Affecting exposed personnel, an atomic blast is able to damage like practice shell or air bomb would do at significantly bigger distances. Character and degree of damage depend on differential pressure, a position of a person at the very moment and its protection level. Depending upon differential pressure of a trauma under the impact of the blast, the waves are subdivided into light, average and heavy.

Damage of equipment and military machines after repulsion (on impact with soil) can be more significant than from direct effect of an atomic effect. Tanks receive weak damage such as antenna, headlights and other outdoor equipment breakdown. Weak damage of the tanks happens under a pressure of 0;3—0,5 kgf/cm2 while total damage under a pressure of 10—20 kgf/cm2. Pieces of artillery get average damage under a pressure of 0,4— 0,7 kgf/cm2 and are totally destroyed under a pressure of 2— 10 kgf/cm2. The least tolerant of the atomic blast are planes, helicopters and rockets. They can go to rack and ruin under a pressure of 0,1—0,3 kgf/cm2.

At explosion of neuronal ammunition, equipment and military machines, which have electronic facilities and relay ladder logic system, go to rack and ruin as a result of transistors, diodes and other elements under the impact of radiation damage.

If to take into account that at the air blast the safe distance for unshielded man is /?, km ( 2.5), personnel assets located in fortifications will not be damaged over a distance 2/3/?. Covering trench decreases the radius of damage effect in 2 times and dug-out shelter in 3 times. Military personnel located underground at a depth of more than 10 meters is not affected even if the place underground is in the epicenter of an atomic blast.


About the author: Melisa Marzett is the one who have passion for writing. She is extremely curious by nature and working for getessayeditor.com, which is a service for students at the moment, she is eager to help bloggers to make their services more popular let alone to become better at writing through different writing challenges.

Monday, April 03, 2017

To Bunker or BOL: That is The Question

Preppers often debate the pros and cons of the two common survivalist shelters for the SHTF. Each has its own perks and each has its own disadvantages. Every prepper and every situation is different, so in order to help you decide what will work best for you, we highlighted each of these shelters and why one might benefit you more than the other.

Why Bunker Down?

As appealing as a bunker may be, the hidden shelter does come with its own set of disadvantages. A major one being the amount of oxygen available in such a small underground space. Seeing as you'll be confined in this location for extended periods of time, the risk of running out of oxygen is inevitable.

The best way to counteract this issue is by installing some sort of ventilation system so that you are constantly replenishing the oxygen levels in your bunker. The airflow will make the prospect of living in an underground bunker much more reasonable, although keep in mind that adding ventilation is just another exposure point increasing your risk of being found.

Add Security

The obvious allure of a bunker is that they can't be seen by air or passerby, but that also means you will have no eyes on the ground to report what's going on around outside of your bunker. That is, of course, unless you step out from your shelter and reveal your location. After all, once your location has been found, any intruder would simply need to wait until you have no choice but to leave the bunker or starve. So in order to avoid revealing your location while maintaining proper surveillance, you can add exterior cameras around your bunker that stream live footage or can be set off with motion detection sensors.

If your bunker has access to electricity, as most should, adding a robust surveillance system will beef up your security with minimal effort. With weatherproof cameras, live HD footage, and even night vision, you will increase your security by equipping your bunker with a high-end surveillance system.

Why BOL?

There are many reasons that preppers and survivalists decide against a bunker and instead decide on a bug out location. If you have access to a large area of land that you are comfortable living off of, then a BOL might be a better choice for you. Not everyone is as fortunate to have land access, or the ability to travel to such a discrete location easily if an attack or apocalypse were to occur. But we all know that the further away from civilization you are the better the BOL.

If you have a BOL then you’re going to need surveillance on a whole new level, not just cameras and motion detectors, but around the clock patrols and motion activated trail cameras. These types of security measures reinforce a larger area of land and prevent intruders from sneaking up unseen. A BOL isn't generally hidden from view, whether aeiral or on foot, so you have to keep an eye on your borders at all times for maximum security and surveillance. The security efforts for a BOL can be extensive and, at times, exhausting, but it comes with the territory and it's well worth it.

Increase Chances of Survival

Keep in mind your skill set and surroundings before heading out to build your BOL. Do you have access to fresh water like a lake or stream? Is your location in a vantage point with good visibility, or does it’s location present more weaknesses than strengths? Will you have areas with proper irrigation for planting and growing food? Is it in a region that hunting will be an option so food will be plentiful and not sparse? These are all vital questions to ask when determining the location of where you choose to bug out and the chances of survival.

If you’re already a proud bunker owner but are considering switching to a BOL, you don’t need to ditch the efforts you’ve already put in. Instead, experts recommend using your bunker as a cellar space for veggies and roots, or even as a last resort cache or weapon storage.




Casea Peterson is a freelance copywriter and content marketing specialist for businesses in the outdoor industry. She has been writing personally and professionally since 2009, but when she doesn't have her pen in hand she can be found somewhere in the woods hiking, hunting, or exploring the Pacific Northwest.

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